IP ratings are given as a two-digit code, such as IP54 and IP65. The first digit represents the level of protection against dust; the second digit represents the level of protection against fluids. The higher the number, the stronger the level of protection.
The following chart explains each element of an IP rating and provides examples of all possible ratings:
Solid objects over 2" / 50mm (e.g. hand)
Solid objects over 0.5" / 12mm (e.g. fingers)
Solid objects over 2.5mm (tools and wires)
Solid objects over 1mm (small wires)
Dust - limited ingress (no harmful deposits)
Dust - completely protected (no ingress)
Vertically - dripping water
Sprays of water when tilted up to 15°
Sprays of water when tilted up to 60° vertically
Water sprayed from all directions - limited ingress permitted
Low pressure jets of water from all directions - limited ingress
Strong jets of water from all directions - limited ingress
Security cameras can be broken down into four classifications of environmental resistance:
|Indoor||<44||Indoor||Not intended for submersion in water.
Installation in an indoor location required.
|Weather resistant||44 - 65||Indoor / Outdoor under shelter||Not intended for submersion in water.
Installation in a sheltered location required.
|Weatherproof||66 - 67||Indoor / Outdoor||Not intended for submersion in water.
Installation in a sheltered location recommended.
NOTE: IP68 submersible cameras are specialized products intended for specific applications (e.g., mounting on a boat). Cameras rated for full submersion will be clearly labelled. Weather resistant and weatherproof cameras are not intended for submersion in water.
Many Lorex security cameras have been engineered to withstand both extremely hot and cold climates. In fact, these cameras can continue to operate in temperatures as high as 140°F / 60°C and as low as -22°F / -30°C. That is not to say that these security cameras won't continue to operate after they hit one of these temperatures. They very well may continue to function in much higher and lower temperatures than those stated.
For outdoor installations, it is recommended that you position your cameras in a sheltered location even if they are weather resistant or weatherproof rated. Under shelter, the camera lens is protected from adverse weather conditions such as rain and snow, which can affect image clarity. Consider mounting the camera underneath an eaves or another structure that will protect the camera against the elements.
If installation under a structure is not possible, consider a homemade shelter. For example, mount your security camera to an outdoor wall inside of a plastic gardening pot. This will help keep the camera dry and the lens free of obstructions. Ensure that the shelter is not visible in the camera's recordings. Test the camera's night time performance to make sure that the shelter does not cause IR reflection, which can affect night vision quality. If you are making a shelter for a wireless camera, use a material such as plastic that does not greatly impact the wireless signal.
NOTE: Homemade shelters help to shield weather resistant and weatherproof cameras from adverse weather conditions that can negatively affect video quality. Building a homemade shelter is not an adequate weatherproofing method for indoor cameras.